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Pembahasan soal teks UN Bahasa Inggris SMA 2019 nomor 16 – 23

Postingan ini menyajikan pembahasan soal teks UN pelajaran Bahasa Inggris SMA tahun 2019 nomor 16 – 23.

This text is for questions 16 to 19 (teks ini untuk pertanyaan 16 sampai 19).
A Life Lesson (pelajaran hidup)
By Anonymous

I lost my father when I was only nine years old. This was the biggest loss I have had. He was Everything to me, his only doughter. We were so close. I did not lose him to death though. I lost him in a much harder way: I lost my father to drugs. He got addicted and started to ignore my brother and me.

One cool summer night, my brother, a couple of our friends, and I were watching Scary Movie 3 in the living room. Around 9:30 pm, when I looked toward the kitchen, I saw orange and yellow flames reflecting off the door’s window. It was a mess explosion caused by his careless actions under the influence of the drugs.

After the fire was out, I saw my dad run around to the backyard and the jump into the pool. I knew then that he had gotten burned. He ended up confined in the hospital. After he got better, they put him in jail for a month under drug charges. I was so mad and hurt, and suffered from severe depression. It destroyed my health and my social life.

One day, one of my teachers stopped me in the hall to ask if I was okay. She asked if she could help me, if I would tell her what was going on. So I did, She helped save me and lift me back up. After a while, I started to feel and do better. She is now one of my greatest friends and mentors, and we talk daily. I could never repay her for everything she has done for me.

Through my experiences I learned never to do anything without thinking of how it will impact the people around me.

(Adapted from “A Life Lesson” by Anonymous. Teen Ink).


16. What was the source of the writer’s problem?
A. Her father was a victim of an explosion
B. Her father was confined to the hospital
C. Her father was heavily addicted to drugs
D. Her father was imprisoned for drug offenses
E. Her father destroyed her health and social life

Pembahasan

Terjemahan soal “Apa sumber masalah dari penulis?”. Sumber masalah penulis pada teks diatas terdapat pada paragraf pertama. Terjemahan paragraf pertama sebagai berikut.

Saya kehilangan ayah ketika berusia 9 tahun. Ini adalah kehilangan besar yang saya alami. Dia adalah segalanya bagiku, satu-satunya. Kami sangat dekat. Saya tidak kehilangan dia hingga mati. Saya kehilangan dia dengan cara yang jauh lebih sulit. Saya kehilangan ayah saya karena narkoba. Dia kecanduan dan mulai mengabaikan saudara saya dan saya.

Jadi sumber masalah penulis adalah ayahnya kecanduan narkoba atau “her father was heavily addicted to drugs. Soal ini jawabannya C.


17. Paragraph 4 is about…
A. how the writer solved her problem
B. how her teacher helped her recover
C. how the teacher stopped her in the hall
D. how the writer met her only best friend
E. how the writer repaid her teacher’s kindness

Pembahasan

Terjemahan paragraf 4 sebagai berikut:

Suatu hari, salah satu guru saya menghentikan saya di aula untuk bertanya apakah saya baik-baik saja. Dia bertanya apakah dia bisa membantu, apakah saya akan memberi tahu dia apa yang sedang terjadi. Jadi saya melakukannya. Dia membantu menolong saya dan membangkitkan saya kembali. Setelah beberapa saat, saya mulai merasa dan berbuat lebih baik. Dia sekarang adalah salah satu teman dan mentor terbaik saya, dan saya berbicara (dengan dia) setiap hari. Saya tidak pernah bisa bisa membalasnya atas segala yang telah dilakukannya untuk saya.

Berdasarkan terjemahan diatas, paragraf ke 4 tentang bagaimana guru dia membantu dia bangkit kembali atau “how her teacher helped her recover”. Soal ini jawabannya B.


18. How did the writer recover from her difficult situation?.
A. She went to see doctors in hospitals.
B. She left her father and her home
C. She stopped going to school.
D. She abandoned her friends
E. She talked to her teacher

Pembahasan

Terjemahan soal diatas : “Bagaimana penulis bangkit dari keadaan sulit?”. Seperti yang dikisahkan pada paragraf 4, dia bisa bangkit lagi karena berbicara dengan gurunya setiap hari atau “She talked to her teacher”. Jadi soal ini jawabannya E.


19. The writer’s father got burned … the mess explosion.
Which of the following completes the sentences best?
A. Since
B. Despite
C. Because
D. Because of
E. Consequently

Pembahasan

Pada soal ini setelah titik-titik adalah the mess explosion yang merupakan noun phrase. Jadi titik-titik tersebut yang tepat diisi dengan “because of”. Because digunakan jika setelah titik-titik berupa kalimat (ada subjek dan verb). Jadi soal ini jawabannya D.


This text for question 20 to 23 (teks ini untuk pertanyaan 20 sampai 23).

Little boy with a Slingshot (Anak Kecil dengan Katapel)

Once upon a time Sammy and his sister Marie visited their grandparents at their farm. Sammy picked up a slingshot to play with out in the woods. He practiced in the woods, but he could never hit the target. Getting a little discouraged, he headed back for the lunch. As he was walking back, he saw Grandma’s pet duck.

Just out of impulse, he let the slingshot flay which hit the duck square in the head and killed it. He was shocked and grieved. In a panic, he hid the dead duck in the pile of woods. Marie has seen it all from the window, but she said nothing. After the lunch, the next day Granma said, “Marie, let’s wash the dishes,” Marie said, “But Granma, Sammy told me he wanted to help in the kitchen”.

Then she wispered to Sammy, “Remember the duck?” Sammy got nervous knowing his sister knew about the duck and if he did not obey, she might tell his grandparents about it. So, without saying anything, he did the dishes.

Later that day, Granpa asked if the children wanted to go fishing but Grandma said, “I’m sorry but I need Marie to help make a supper.” Marie just smiled and said, “Well that’s all right because Sammy told me he wanted to help”.

She whispered again to Sammy, “Remember the duck?” So, Marie went fishing and Sammy stayed to help. After several days of Marie taking advantage of Sammy, he finally couldn’t stand it any longer. He came to Grandma and confessed that he had killed the duck.

Grandma knelt down, gave him a hug and said, “Sweetheart, I know. I was standing at the window and I saw the whole thing but because I love you, I’ve forgiven you. I was just wondering how long you would let Marie take advantage of you.

(Adapted from https://www.moralstories.org/little-boy-slingshot/.


20. What kind social situation has possibly inspired the creation of the story?
A. Feeling reluctant to confess their mistakes so feel guilty all the time
B. Holding ideas that confessing their mistakes is safer than hiding them
C. Using people’s mistakes for taking advantage of them
D. Being not responsible for the mistakes they have committed
E. Hiding their mistakes without feeling guilty

Pembahasan

Terjemahan soal : “Situasi sosial apa yang mengilhami cerita tersebut?”. Situasi sosial cerita diatas terdapat pada paragrap 5 dan 6 dengan terjemahan sebagai berikut:

Terjemahan paragraf 5: Dia berbisik pada Sammy, “ingat bebek itu?”. Jadi, Marie pergi memancing dan Sammy tetap membantu. Setelah beberapa hari Marie memanfaatkan Sammy, dia tidak tahan lagi. Dia datang ke nenek dan mengakui bahwa dia telah membunuh bebek itu.

Terjemahaan paragraf 6: Nenek memeluknya dan berkata, “Sayang aku tahu. Aku berdiri di dekat jendela dan aku melihat semuanya tetapi karena aku mencintaimu, aku sudah memaafkanmu. Aku hanya ingin tahu berapa lama kamu akan membiarkan Marie memanfaatkanmu.

Jadi situasi sosial yang mengilhami cerita diatas adalah mengakui kesalahan lebih aman daripada menyembunyikannya atau “Holding ideas that confessing their mistakes is safer than hiding them”. Jadi soal ini jawabannya B.


21. What can we learn from the story?
A. confess your mistakes and take away the load of guilt from your heart
B. Other people may use your hidden mistake to make use of you
C. By hiding your mistakes, you will feel guilty all the time
D. We Should not take other people’s honesty for granted
E. It is easier to make mistakes than to confess them.

Pembahasan

Terjemahan soal : “Apa yang dapat kita pelajari dari cerita tersebut?.

Seperti yang dijelaskan pada soal 20, pelajaran yang bisa diambil dari cerita diatas adalah mengakui kesalahan dan membuang rasa bersalah dari hati atau “confess your mistakes and take away the load of guilt from yout heart”. Soal ini jawabannya A.


22. The underlined word in “Marie had seen it all from the window, …”(paragraph 2) refers to the event when Sammy….
A. killed the duck
B. hid the dead duck
C. attempted to hide his mistake
D. was using a slingshot to kill the duck
E. was practising using a slingshot to hit targets

Pembahasan

Kata it tersebut merujuk pada berusaha menyembunyikan kesalahannya atau “attempted to hide his mistake”. Soal ini jawabannya C.


23. How are paragraph 3 and 5 related?
A. Sammy’s guilt in paragraph 3 was forgiven in paragraph 5
B. Both paragraph show how Mary took advantage of Sammy’s mistake
C. Both paragraph show Mary and Sammy were very close to each other
D. Sammy’s mistake in paragraph 3 was being used by Mary in paragraph 5
E. Paragraph 3 is about the Mary make use of Sammy’s guilt; paragraph 5 is about Sammy’s confession.

Pembahasan

Terjemahan paragraf 3 : Lalu dia berbisik pada Sammy’ “Ingat bebek itu?”. Sammy menjadi gugup mengetahui saudara perempuannya tahu tentang bebek itu, dan jika dia tidak patuh dia mungkin memberi tahu kakek-neneknya. Jadi tanpa mengatakan apa-apa, dia mencuci piring.

Terjemahan paragraf 5: Dia berbisik pada Sammy, “ingat bebek itu?”. Jadi, Marie pergi memancing dan Sammy tetap membantu. Setelah beberapa hari Marie memanfaatkan Sammy, dia tidak tahan lagi. Dia datang ke nenek dan mengakui bahwa dia telah membunuh bebek itu.

Jadi pada paragraf 3 : Marry memanfaatkan Sammy agar mau mencuci piring sedangkan paragraf 5 Sammy mengakui kesalahnnya. Atau “paragraph 3 is about the Marry make use of Sammy’s guilt ; paragraph 5 is about Sammy’s confession. Soal ini jawabannya E.

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