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Contoh soal passive voice & jawabannya

Postingan ini membahas contoh soal passive voice dan jawabannya. Passive voice sering digunakan dalam bahasa Inggris. Contoh passive voice yaitu “A letter is written by me” (surat ditulis oleh saya), “America was discovered by Colombus” (Benua Amerika ditemukan oleh Colombus), “The door was opened by his son” (pintu dibuka oleh anaknya), “The new ideas were suggested by Edo” (ide-ide baru dikemukakan oleh Edo) dan lainnya. Pola kalimat / rumus passive voice sebagai berikut.

Passive voice
Pola kalimat / rumus passive voice

Cara mengubah active voice menjadi passive voice sebagai berikut:

  1. Tentukan subjek, objek dan kata kerja (verb) pada kalimat.
  2. Ubah objek menjadi subjek.
  3. Letakkan kata kerja bantu yang sesuai.
  4. Ubah kata kerja (verb) dalam bentuk past participle (verb-3).
  5. Tambahkan preposisi “by”.
  6. Ubah subjek menjadi objek.

Untuk lebih jelasnya, dibawah ini diberikan beberapa contoh soal passive voice dan jawabannya.

Contoh soal 1

Ubahlah simple present tense dibawah ini menjadi passive voice.

  1. He kicks the ball
  2. She doesn’t buy the oranges

Jawaban

Gunakan rumus (am/is/are) + verb-3:

  1. The ball is kicked by him
  2. The oranges are not bought by her

Contoh soal 2

Ubahlah bentuk simple past tense dibawah ini menjadi passive voice:

  1. They built a new high stone wall around the garden
  2. The host welcomed the visitors

Jawaban

Gunakan rumus (was/were) + verb-3:

  1. A new high stone wall around the garden was built by their
  2. The visitors were welcomed by the host

Contoh soal 3

Ubahlah continuous tense dibawah ini menjadi passive voice.

  1. They are building a new ring road round the city
  2. Some workers were loading the containers into the van

Jawaban

Gunakan rumus “am/is/are/was/were + being + verb-3”.

  1. A new ring road round the city is being built by their
  2. The containers were being loaded into the van by some workers

Contoh soal 4

Ubahlah present perfect tense dibawah ini menjadi passive voice.

  1. We have delivered the packages
  2. They have finished the job already

Jawaban

Gunakan rumus “have/has + been + verb-3.

  • The packages have been delivered by us
  • The job have been finished already

Contoh soal 5

Ubahlah ke dalam bentuk passive voice:

  1. The babysitter will look after our baby
  2. The clever boy can answer the question

Jawaban

Gunakan rumus modal + be + verb-3:

  1. Our baby will be looked after by the babysitter
  2. The question can be answered by the clever boy

Contoh soal 6

“Bambang looks very happy today.”
“Don’t you know he … to General manager?.”
A. has promoted
B. to be promoted
C. being promoted
D. has to promote
E. has been promoted

Jawaban

Kalimat “he … to General manager” adalah kalimat present perfect. Soal ini menggunakan rumus present perfect yaitu has + been + verb-3. Jadi jawaban yang tepat adalah “has been promoted” atau E.


Contoh soal 7

X : Zen, may I borrow your camera?
Y : Oh, sorry. It … now.
A. is repairing
B. has sold it
C. will have sold
D. is being repaired
E. has been sold to our friend

Jawaban

Kalimat “it … now” menunjukkan bentuk continuous tense sehingga rumus yang digunakan “is + being + verb-3” atau “is being repaired” (sedang diperbaiki). Jawaban D.


Contoh soal 8

“Hasn’t Anita submitted her report yet ?.”
“I don’t think so. It ….”
A. be printing
B. is printing
C. being printed
D. to be printed
E. is being printed

Jawaban

Sama seperti nomor 2, “It … ” menunjukkan continuous tense sehingga pola kalimat yang digunakan “is + being + verb-3” atau “is being printed”. Soal ini jawabannya E.


Contoh soal 9

The editor edits the article.
The passive form of the above sentence is “The article … by the editor.”
A. edits
B. edited
C. be editing
D. is being edited
E. is edited

Jawaban

Kalimat diatas adalah bentuk simple present tense sehingga pola yang digunakan adalah “to be + verb-3” atau “is edited”. Jadi soal ini jawbannya E.


Contoh soal 10

“Why can’t I find the file on the annual report in the computer?”
A. Because it … in the hard disk.”
A. was not saving
B. not saved
C. did not save
D. not being saved
E. was not saved

Jawaban

Kalimat “It … in the hard disk” adalah kalimat simple past tense jadi pola kalimat yang digunakan adalah “to be + verb-3” atau “was not saved”. Soal ini jawabanya E.


Contoh soal 11

The Amazon valley is extremely important to the ecology of the earth. Forty percent of the world’s oxygen … there.
A. are being produced
B. are produced
C. is being produced
D. is produced
E. was produced

Jawaban

Kalimat “Forty percent of the world’s oxygen … there” adalah simple present tense sehingga pola kalimat yang digunakan adalah “to be + verb-3” atau “is produced”. Soal ini jawabanya D.


Contoh soal 12

As he was badly hurt in the car anccident, he … to the nearest hospital.
A. being taken
B. took
C. was taken
D. be taken
E. was being taken

Jawaban

Kalimat diatas adalah bentuk simple past tense sehingga pola kalimat yang digunakan “to be + verb-3” atau “was taken”. Jawaban D.


Contoh soal 13

Tenants … not to turn on their radios after midnight.
A. requested
B. are requested
C. request
D. are requesting
E. being requested

Jawaban

Gunakan pola kalimat “to be + verb-3” atau “are requested”. Soal ini jawabannya B.


Contoh soal 14

I became quite nervous when I knew that may speech ….
A. was be record
B. to be recorded
C. being recorded
D. to be recording
E. was being recorded

Jawaban

Kalimat “I knew that may speech ….” adalah continuous tense sehingga pola yang digunakan “was + being + verb-3” atau “was being recorded”. Soal ini jawabannya E.


Contoh soal 15

The teacher always asks the homework … by the students at home.
A. is made
B. is making
C. to make
D. to be made
E. being made

Jawaban

Gunakan pola kalimat “to be + verb-3” atau “to be made”. Soal ini jawabannya D.

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