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Contoh soal cause and effect dan jawabannya

Postingan ini membahas contoh soal cause and effect dan jawabannya. Cause menunjukkan alasan atau motif untuk suatu tindakan (the reason or motive, for an action), mengapa sesuatu terjadi (why something happens) dan happens first.

Effect menunjukkan hasil atau kesimpulan dari suatu tindakan (result or conclusion of an action), apa yang terjadi (what happened) dan happens due to a cause (terjadi karena suatu sebab.

Signal word
Signal word untuk cause dan effect

Sedangkan struktur kalimat cause and effect sebagai berikut:

Struktur kalimat cause and effect
Struktur kalimat cause and effect

Untuk lebih jelasnya dibawah ini diberikan beberapa contoh soal cause and effect dan jawabannya.

Contoh soal 1

Read the following sentences. Decide if the word in bold are the cause or the effect. write cause or effect on the line. Then, underline the “signal” word or phrase (Baca kalimat berikut. Tentukan apakah kata yang dicetak tebal adalah cause atau effect. Tulis cause atau effect di satu baris. Kemudian garisbawahi “signal word” atau “phrase word”).

1. Early man used weapons because they needed to find food.

Jawaban

Kalimat yang dicetak tebal adalah cause.
Cause : they needed to find food
Effect : Early man used weapons.
Signal word : because (karena).


2. The glaciers began to melt; therefore, the land bridge between Asia and North America became flooded.

Jawaban

Kalimat yang dicetak tebal adalah effect.
Cause : The glaciers began to melt.
Effect : the land bridge between Asia and North America became flooded
Signal word : therefore (oleh karena itu)


3. Because they want to learn about different civilizations that existed, archaeologists studied artifacts.

Jawaban

Kalimat yang dicetak tebal adalah cause.
Cause : they want to learn about different civilizations that existed.
Effect : archaeologists studied artifacts.
Signal word : because.


4. Early man slowly started to grow food, and as a result, their lives became easier.

Jawaban

Kalimat yang dicetak tebal adalah cause.
Cause : Early man slowly started to grow food
Effect : their lives became easier
Signal word : and as a result (dan sebagai hasilnya)


5. My sister was very tired because she stayed up past midnight.

Jawaban

Kalimat yang dicetak tebal adalah effect.
Cause : she stayed up past midnight
Effect : My sister was very tired
Signal word : because


Contoh soal 2

Read the cause, write the effect, then write the complete sentence using signal words. The first one has been done for you. (Baca cause, tulis effect, kemudian tulis kalimat lengkap menggunakan signal word.

Soal 1
Cause : It was very windy
Effect : All the flights were cancelled.
Sentence : it was very windy; therefore, all the flights were cancelled.


Soal 2
Cause : She ate too much
Effect : …
Sentence : …

Jawaban

Cause : She ate too much (Dia makan terlalu banyak)
Effect : She has a stomachache (Dia sakit perut)
Sentence : She has a stomachache because she ate too much.


Soal 3
Cause : I ran out of money
Effect : …
Sentence : …

Jawaban

Cause : I ran out of money (Saya kehabisan uang)
Effect : I can’t go shopping
Sentence : I can’t go shopping because I ran out of money


Soal 4
Cause : He is afraid to fly
Effect : …
Sentence : …

Jawaban

Cause : He is afraid to fly (Dia takut terang)
Effect : He is not on a plane
Sentence : He is afraid to fly; therefore, he is not on a plane.


Soal 5
Cause : After the car accident
Effect : …
Sentence : …

Jawaban

Cause : After the car accident
Effect : He was hospitalized
Sentence : After the car accident, he was hospitalized.


Contoh soal 3

Read the sentences and find the cause or effect. The first one has been done for you.

1. The milk spilled all over the floor, so Jane got a mop and cleaned it up.
Cause : milk spilled
Effect : Jane mopped


2. Siti has planned a trip to her uncle’s house because she loves her cousins.
Cause : …
Effect : …

Jawaban

Siti has planned a trip to her uncle’s house because she loves her cousins.
Cause : She loved
Effect : Siti has planned a trip


3. The green house gases trap the heat in the air, so the earth becomes warmer.
Cause : …
Effect : …

Jawaban

The green house gases trap the heat in the air, so the earth becomes warmer.
Cause : The green house gases
Effect : The earth becomes warmer


4. Because the sumatran tigers were almost extinct, the Indonesian government declared them as endangered species.
Cause : …
Effect : …

Jawaban

Because the sumatran tigers were almost extinct, the Indonesian government declared them as endangered species.
Cause : The Sumatran tigers were almost extinct
Effect : The Sumatran tigers as endangered species.

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